The state of Maryland has 24 sheriffs and more than 1,600 deputy sheriffs, who are graduates of police academies and are sworn police officers. They have the same authority as other law enforcement officials of Maryland. If you want to learn more about the profession and how to become a sheriff in Maryland, then keep reading this article.
Should I Become a Sheriff in Maryland?
Are you detail-oriented, empathetic, and responsible? If yes, then you should pursue a career as a sheriff.
Take a look at the information presented below to learn about the personal qualification standards for Police and Detectives.
Source: US Bureau of Labor Statistics
As per the wage data published by BLS, the employment opportunities for Police and Detectives will shoot up by 5% from 2018 to 2028.
Steps to Become a Sheriff in Maryland
The information presented in this section are general. You might want to contact your local authorities to learn about the process of becoming a sheriff.
- Gain Field Experience
Sheriffs are considered as the primary law enforcement officials in many Maryland communities, therefore it’s a senior position that requires the right job knowledge, training, and leadership skills. Thus, you should work as a certified police officer for a while and then think about applying for this role.
- Obtain Advanced Degrees
Obtaining higher education is not a pre-requisite for becoming a sheriff, but it will surely make you more suitable. Not only will it make you a stronger candidate, but will also increase your knowledge about the law enforcement field.
- Check the Requirements and Submit the Application
At this stage, you will have to check whether you meet the minimum requirements. If you meet those standards, then you should start the application process. If you are shortlisted, you will be expected to clear a written exam, which will test your writing and reasoning skills. This will be followed by an interview, a thorough background check, a physical exam and a psychological exam.
- Contest and Win the Elections
After clearing the above steps and submitting the required documentation with the county, you will be expected to start your election campaign. You can also set up a team that can help you with the campaigning activities. If you are able to get the maximum votes on the day of the election, you will be given the charge of the sheriff’s position, after taking the oath.
How Long Does It Take to Become a Sheriff in Maryland?
Becoming a sheriff in Maryland can take a long time, since it’s not a junior position and you are expected to work your way up to it.
First, you will have to spend some years serving the public in the capacity of a police officer. Then, you should preferably invest an additional 2 to 4 years to get a Bachelor’s or a Master’s degree in the law enforcement field.
Once your education has been completed, you can apply for the position of the sheriff. As part of the hiring process, you will have to clear a written exam, a formal interview, a background investigation, a physical exam and a psychological exam. After passing through these steps, you will be required to run for office and win the elections.
What Are the Requirements for Becoming a Sheriff in Maryland?
The basic requirements for becoming a sheriff in Maryland are outlined below. Do keep in mind that these requirements are not fixed for every county.
- Must be a U.S. citizen.
- Should have a GED/high school diploma.
- Must be at least 18 years old. Some counties have a minimum age limit of 21.
- Might have to meet residency requirements in some counties.
- Should be in a good mental and physical condition.
How Much Does a Sheriff Earn in Maryland?
The employment statistics for sheriffs have not been published by BLS. Therefore we will use the employment figures of First-Line Supervisors of Police and Detectives. It has been reported that the annual mean salary of these professionals working in Maryland was $100,440 in 2019.